Updated – The Denver school board voted 6-1 early Friday after a 10-hour meeting to table a decision for a few days on a personnel transaction report that includes 220 probationary teachers whose contracts will not be renewed next year. Only board President Mary Seawell voted against the delay.
The board will reconvene at 3 p.m. Monday to make a final decision on the non-renewals, which prompted an organized protest by the teachers union in the form of nearly 100 teachers and parents who signed up for 3 minute slots to complain about how the district determines who gets their contracts renewed and is on track for tenure – and who doesn’t.
Probationary teachers who are being cut loose from the district next year – some put on a DPS “do not hire” list – and parents with kids in their classrooms – made emotional pleas to the board asking them to reconsider the decisions.
Board member Andrea Merida questioned the process the district uses to make these life-changing decisions, and said there seemed to be a discrepancy in some cases between findings of the peer observer under Denver’s LEAP teacher evaluation system – and the principal.
“I am finding this an incredibly unjust situation,” Merida said. “How does a first-year principal get to determine the hirability for the rest of the district for the teacher?”
“Teachers, this needs to be a wake-up call to you. You can’t rest on your laurels anymore. If you’re not getting the support you need, run it up the flagpole…Our children need you to fight for your career.”
The board punted some key items so they’d have time to listen to teacher concerns and ask questions about the process.
Principals and instructional superintendents put time all year into making what Superintendent Tom Boasberg described as tough decisions.
“This is one of the hardest times of year,” Boasberg said. “We have an unbelievably dedicated and caring staff at Denver Public Schools.. In no way is anyone questioning the heart, the caring, the concern that our teachers have for our students.”
However, Boasberg encouraged the board to approve the decisions because he said schools would have to wait until fall to hire for those posts if the board didn’t act soon.
Teachers,parents make impassioned pleas
After every speaker, the full house in the boardroom erupted in cheers, and sometimes gave them standing ovations. When one roster of speakers cleared out, a new batch came in from the lobby of the administration building.
“Something is terribly wrong when a public school system discards excellent teachers,” said Teller Elementary parent Bess Scully, talking about two teachers whose contracts were not renewed. “They have met or exceeded the criteria provided to them. They are motivated, smart, creative teachers. They are the kind of people we want to retain in this educational system.”
District staff noted that Senate Bill 10-191, the so-called teacher effectiveness law, shifts the determining factor in tenure decisions from longevity to teacher performance. The granting of non-probationary status, or tenure, should be “a significant milestone in a teacher’s professional career,” Chief Human Resources Officer Shayne Spalten said.
Beginning next school year, teachers will be granted non-probationary status — better known as tenure — based on three consecutive years of demonstrated effectiveness. Effectiveness is based upon a consistent record of strong student growth over multiple years; multiple years of strong instructional practices, including planning, classroom practice and utilization of student data; and significant contributions to school community and strong record of professionalism.
Beginning in 2014-15, teachers who receive ratings below effective for two consecutive years may lose non-probationary status.
District administrators said 270 teachers in their third year or beyond will receive non-probationary status at the end of this year.
The teachers who who did not have their contracts renewed make up 4 percent of the total probationary teacher pool and 1.6 percent of the total teacher population, district staff said. Reasons for not renewing contracts or granting tenure include elimination of a position, failure to meet expectations, performance concerns or professionalism issues.
Henry Roman, head of the Denver Classroom Teachers Association (DCTA), shared data showing that non-probationary teachers in Denver have consistently higher LEAP observation scores than novice, or first year, teachers. Yet, Roman said, the district continues to replace experienced teachers on the brink of gaining tenure with first-year teachers.
He asked board members to examine the case of each teacher tagged with a “no hire” label.
“This applies to any job within DPS,” Roman said. “It’s not a policy practice like any other school district in Colorado. It means you are not just honoring the principal’s decision that someone is not a good fit. It’s deciding whether these educators can ever work again in DPS. Before making these career ending decisions, make sure you have a clear understanding of the cause for each of the non-renewals.”
Dolores Carbajal-Sandoval, an ELA-S teacher at Schmittt Elementary, said she got canned for a lack of “professionalism.” She said her principal described her as a negative influence on staff. But Carbajal-Sandoval said the decision was really about a personality conflict.
“I even asked several times about my status, but I was told, ‘I do not have enough data,’” Carbajal-Sandoval said. “This was on a principal’s unsupportable perception of professionalism. I cannot believe one person with the support of two others … can take away all I’ve done.”
A few of Carbajal-Sandoval’s students, such as Marisol Dominguez Sotelo, spoke highly of their teacher.
“She is a very good teacher,” Dominguez Sotelo said. “Instead of focusing on firing teachers, they should be focusing on our safety. She is a great teacher. She listens to us and understand us.”
Sarah Young, parent of a fourth-grader at Teller, fought for Miss Johnson. She complained that parent feedback is not factored into these decisions.
“Who knows better whether my son was challenged, engaged or grew in this year?” Young said. “His confidence and academic skills grew.”
Sandra Camilo wept as she described her experiences in DPS.
“We should at least be given the opportunity to improve before we are banned for life,” she said, noting that she had nine students score “advanced” on the TCAP last year. “I have personally decided not to teach anymore. But certainly teachers do not deserve to be treated this way.”
Pat Slaughter, DPS assistant superintendent for elementary education, said the main focus for principals is to “ensure we have effective teachers in every classroom.” She said the district provides lots of opportunities for professional development if they need more support. However, several of the teachers who testified said they were not given any notice of issues with their teaching; or, if they were, they did not get supports they asked for.
Merida asked for a specific breakdown of names of teachers who will not be renewed and whether they could be hired down the road.
Chief Human Resources Officer Spalten said 65 percent – or 140 – of those teachers whose contract were not renewed are eligible to be rehired by the district. The remaining 80 are not eligible for rehire due to performance or professionalism concerns. Many from the latter category addressed the board beginning Thursday evening.
“The decision to non-renew a probationary teacher is based on a body of evidence, observation through LEAP from peer observers, student achievement data and interactions with colleagues and members of their team,” Spalten said. “All decisions were reviewed and approved by the instructional superintendent.”
Boasberg said he personally reviewed all the personnel files in question and felt comfortable with the recommendations, even though they are difficult decisions. Seawell also said it seemed that LEAP was working better than the old system, which results in most teachers being rated a generic “satisfactory.” And she encouraged those teachers who talked about their life’s passion to stick with it.
“No matter what happens, don’t leave the profession,” Seawell said. “Stay with it. This (LEAP) system is not perfect and teachers deserve perfect.”