Testing Time

It’s testing time for New York students. Here’s what you need to know.

PHOTO: Stephanie Snyder
A fourth-grade student does test-prep in his English class.

Opt-out leaders are making their final robocalls. Proponents of the state tests are winding down an expensive “Say Yes to the Test” campaign. Schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña is asking parents to prepare their children’s favorite meals.

That means it’s testing time for New York students in grades 3-8. English exams start Tuesday, and math exams begin April 13.

In a final plea to parents on Monday, Fariña said tests are an important yardstick for student success and questioned whether boycotting tests sends the wrong message.

“What are you saying about your child? What are you saying about challenges in life?” she asked. “What are you saying about your belief in them to do something they’ve been gearing for all year long?”

As the debates continue, here is your cheat sheet.

Do the tests even matter anymore? What are they used for?

Why is there so much controversy about state tests?

  • Over the last several years, the tests became more difficult to pass, just as the stakes for teachers and schools grew. The state began tying teacher evaluations to test scores, and the city looked closely at results when deciding to close schools.
  • Opposition to those changes grew over the last year, especially across the rest of New York state. Critics argue teachers have been forced to narrow their curriculum to focus on test preparation.
  • Many teachers are frustrated by the continued emphasis on testing. Others see the tests as helpful.

What’s new this year?

  • The exams are created by Pearson and designed to measure students’ grasp of the Common Core learning standards. So they’re unlikely to surprise educators (though odd passages, like the infamous 2012 “Hare and Pineapple” questions, are always possible).
  • The tests will be slightly shorter this year.
  • But students could end up spending more time on the tests since they’ll have unlimited time to complete them — a change meant to reduce student stress.

What’s the deal with opt-out?

What about next year?

  • The tests are set for a total overhaul for 2017. The state’s testing contract is being handed over to a new company, Questar Assessment.
  • Before that, the state is convening more educators to review the Common Core standards and recommend revisions. One timeline would have state tests reflect those new standards in 2018.
  • It’s unlikely that there will be any consequences for schools or districts with a big share of students that opt out, but that could change next year.

you got data

Can Colorado do a better job of sharing school report cards with parents? Data advocates say yes.

PHOTO: Denver Post file

Just as the Colorado State Board of Education is expected to approve the latest round of school quality ratings, a national organization is calling on all states to do a better job of providing this kind of information to parents and taxpayers.

The Data Quality Campaign last week released a report highlighting states that are providing more and clearer data on its schools. Colorado, once known as a leader in collecting and sharing school data, was not among the all-star list.

The Washington-based nonprofit, which advocates for school data transparency across the nation, is suggesting states use plain language, disaggregate more data and communicate specific education priorities to parents and the public.

The campaign and other supporters of making school data more public believe the information can empower school leaders, teachers and parents to make better decisions for students.

“Colorado has long been a leader in making sure there is robust data,” said Brennan Parton, the Data Quality Campaign’s director of policy and advocacy. “But if you want the normal mom, community member, or policy maker to understand the data, maybe the goal shouldn’t be comprehensive and complex but meaningful and useful.”

State education department officials acknowledged they could do a better job of making data more accessible to parents, but said in a statement this week that they do not consider its annual “school performance framework” to be a report card for schools.

“We look at the SPF as more of a technical report for schools and districts to understand where the school plan types and district accreditation ratings come from,” Alyssa Pearson, the education department’s associate commissioner for school accountability and performance, said in an email.

The ratings, which are largely based off of student performance on state English and math tests, are used in part to help the state education department target financial resources to schools that aren’t making the grade. All schools are also required to submit improvement plans based on the department’s rating.

The department posts the ratings online, as do schools. But the reports are not sent directly to parents.

Instead, the department suggests that its school dashboard tool is a better resource to understand the status of a nearby public school, although Pearson acknowledged that it is not the most parent-friendly website.

“This tool is very useful for improvement planning purposes and deeper understanding of individual schools and districts — both in terms of demographics, as well as academic performance,” Pearson said. “We are also working on refreshing and possibly redesigning other tools that we have had on the website for reporting, including creating a more user-friendly parent-reporting template.”

Trezevant fallout

Memphis orders a deeper probe into high school grade changes

The firm hired to assess the pervasiveness of grade changes in Memphis high schools has begun a deeper probe into those schools with the highest number of cases.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson said the firm plans to “search for documentation and figure out what happened” at those schools, noting that not all grade changes — changing a failing grade to passing — are malfeasant.

Still, Hopson promised to root out any wrongdoing found.

“Equally important is figuring out whether people are still around changing grades improperly, and creating different internal controls to make sure this doesn’t happen again,” he told Chalkbeat on Thursday.

Dixon Hughes Goodman, an accounting firm from North Carolina, was hired over the summer as grade tampering was confirmed at Trezevant High School. The firm’s report found the average number of times high schools changed a failing final grade to passing was 53. Ten high schools were highlighted in the report as having 199 or more grade changes between July 2012 and October 2016.

Source: Dixon Hughes Goodman

The report was one of several released Tuesday by the Shelby County Schools board following an investigation instigated by allegations in a resignation letter from former Trezevant Principal Ronnie Mackin.

The firm’s analysis concluded that “additional investigation around grade changes is warranted,” prompting Shelby County Schools to extend the firm’s contract to dig deeper.

The investigations have already cost the school system about $500,000, said Rodney Moore, the district’s general counsel. It is unclear how much the contract extension for Dixon Hughes Goodman will cost, but board chairwoman Shante Avant said it is less than $100,000, the threshold for board approval.

Hopson said there’s not a timeline for when the school audits will be complete. He said the district is already thinking through how to better follow-up on grade changes.

“For a long time, we really put a lot of faith and trust in schools and school-based personnel,” he said. “I don’t regret that because the majority do what they’re supposed to do every day… (but) we probably need to do a better job to follow up to verify when grade changes happen.”

Avant said the board will determine what policies should be enacted to prevent further grade tampering based on the outcome of the investigation.

“The board is conscious that although we know there’s been some irregularities, we do want to focus on moving forward and where resources can be better used and how we’re implementing policies and strategies so that this won’t happen again,” she said.

Chalkbeat reporter Caroline Bauman contributed to this report.